Households in India earned a total income of Rs.37.7 trillion in 2011-12.
That translates into a market of USD 786 billion among the households of
The total household income is almost equally divided between rural and
urban households. Each earned Rs.18.9 trillion although rural households
at about 174 million are more than twice the 81 million urban households as of
As a result, the average income of an urban household is much higher at
Rs.233,830 compared to the rural household’s Rs.108,618. The overall average
income per household was Rs.148,365.
The median income works out Rs.90,800. i.e., half the Indian households
earned more than Rs.90,800 and the remaining half earned less than this
value - which is just a shade less than USD 2,000. The bottom quartile works
out Rs.59,600 and the upper quartile is Rs.154,400.
The top one per cent of households by income earned Rs.744,000 per household,
or more and the top half a per cent of the households earned Rs.957,000 or
more. Roughly this implies that there were about 1.27 million households that
earned roughly, more than a million rupees each in 2011-12.
The top one per cent of urban India (roughly 800,000 households) earned
Rs.1.2 million (translates into Rs.100,000 per month) pre household, or
more in 2011-12. The top half per cent of urban India (roughly 400,000
households) earned Rs.1.44 million or more.
At the other end of the spectrum are the bottom one per cent of the
households that earned Rs.21,000 or less during the year. The last half
per cent earned a mere Rs.15,000 or less during the year. In rural India
the bottom half per cent earned Rs.13,000 or less per household.
These estimates are derived from a primary survey of 151,983 households
conducted in four rounds during each of the four quarters of the year.
Each household was visited during each of these rounds to gain an estimate
of their earnings during a quarter. The sum of the earnings in the four
quarters provides the estimate of the earnings during the year.